This Article

Citations


Creative Commons License
Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

How Low Can We Go Dose Saving Through Low-Dose Examination for Urolithiasis Via Modern Computer Tomography with Tinfilter


1 University Hospital Essen/ Germany
*Corresponding author: Youssef Erfanian, E-mail: [email protected].
Iranian Journal of Radiology. 2017 May; Special iss(5): e48020 , DOI: 10.5812/iranjradiol.48020
Article Type: Abstract; Received: Dec 21, 2016; Accepted: Feb 8, 2017; epub: Apr 13, 2017; ppub: May 2017

Abstract


Objectives: To compare radiation dose and image quality of three different CT devices using low dose abdominal protocols in patients with suspected urolithiasis. Differences in radiation dose due to usage of additional hardware (tin filter) and software (newer generation iterative reconstruction) were evaluated.

Methods: Low - dose examinations from two standard CT (siemens AS +, siemens flash) devices with a tin - filter CT (siemens force) were compared regarding dose-length product (DLP) and computed tomography dose index volume (CTDIvol). Image quality of each CT scan was assessed using a five point Likert scale (0 = major blurring, 4 = excellent depiction). Kruskal - Wallis analysis was performed to test for significant subgroup differences in DLP, CTDIvol and image quality. An interrater agreement concerning image quality was evaluated.

Results: CT examinations of a total of 143 patients were assessed. DLP of Force was 56% and 55% lower in comparison to AS+ and flash, (74.3, 166.1 and 164.6 mGycm respectively; P < 0.001). CTDIvol of Force showed 60% and 58% significantly lower values as compared to AS + and Flash, respectively (1.4 vs. 3.5vs. 3.3 mGy; P < 0.001). Image quality in force proved to be slightly higher as compared to flash and AS + (3.67, 3.50 and 3.59 respectively; P > 0.05). Interrater agreement regarding image quality was substantial for all CT - devices (κ = 0.75, n = 143).

Conclusions: Modern CTs with the innovative technology of a built-in tin filter allow for significant reduction of radiation exposure in patients with suspected urolithiasis by optimizing the X - Ray spectrum with image quality as high as in standard CT devices

This is an abstract presented in the 33rd Iranian congress of radiology (ICR) and the 15th congress of Iranian radiographic science association (IRSA).